Skin layers
Skin layers



Sooner or later, your skin will start showing characteristics of mature skin. Mature skin is less elastic and lacks volume, making it feel saggier. Wrinkles, fine lines and pigmentation spots show themselves. And often there is also a lack of moisture. In older skin, less elastin (provides elasticity in the skin) is produced subcutaneously. Collagen (improves skin structure, firmness and elasticity) breaks down, and hyaluronan (provides volume and hydration) will not show itself so much anymore. But I think ageing is a beautiful thing. And there is a lot you can do to improve the condition of your skin.

The rate of ageing of your skin is related to several factors. Both from the inside and the outside, some influences cause your skin to lose elasticity.

1. Genetic factors
Your genes affect how fast your skin ages. So here you have no control, unfortunately. Oily skin tends to age later than dry skin, for example.
2. Hormones
Hormones influence skin ageing because the endocrine system regulates the hormonal balance, dropping significantly getting older.

– Alcohol
– Smoking
– Lack of sleep
– Stress
– Sugar
– Insufficient vitamins and minerals
– Not enough exercise
– Sun
– Indoor tanning
– Polluted air
– Wrong care products

Here are the to-do’s if you want to inhibit skin ageing by influencing external factors.

Tip 1. Hormones
You can positively influence your
hormone balance by eating enough antioxidants. In addition, a good
night’s sleep, low stress and regular exercise also have a positive
effect on your hormones.

‘Antioxidants capture free radicals that cause premature skin ageing’

Tip 2. Little to no alcohol
No alcohol at all is best. But for many (including myself), that is not an option in the summer months on the terrace.

Tip 3. No smoking
And your skin can’t appreciate someone else’s smoke either.

Tip 4. Enough sleep
Sleep requirements are hugely personal. But in general, adults need 6 to 8 hours of sleep a night. I need at least 9 hours of sleep, but maybe you are one of those lucky bastards who can start the day refreshed after only 6 hours. But there is also such a thing as sleep quality. Good sleep quality is a sleep that is uninterrupted and deep.

Extra tip: if you spend a lot of time outdoors, you will sleep better and longer.
Another tip: sprinkle some essential lavender oil on your pillow, it has a relaxing effect, and you will think you are in France.
Last tip: before you jump into bed, rinse your feet in cold water to cool down your nervous system. Following a foot massage with lavender oil is a truly sleep-inducing luxury.

Tip 5. Limiting stress
Cortisol is of the main stress hormones. Useful if you have to flee from a tiger because cortisol makes you alert. But chronic stress is very unhealthy for your whole body, including your skin.

– Caffeine stimulates the production of cortisol in the adrenal glands. So stick to 1 cup a day.

– Stress “eats” antioxidants and other important nutrients, such as magnesium. So replenish them, by chewing antioxidant-rich food or supplements.

Exercise in nature. Vive la nature!

Tip 6. Little sugar
Yes, folks, unfortunately there is sugar in so many products. Fruit, bread, potatoes, pasta sauce, dairy products, etc. So you will soon be over your sugar tax of the day of 25 grams (this includes sugars from fruit (fructose), natural sugars from vegetables do not count, of these you can eat unlimited).

What can you do? Drastically cut down on the products that contain added sugar, such as soft drinks, fruit juices, sweets, biscuits. Sugar is a rascal as it has many pseudonyms: glucose, fructose, glucose-fructose syrup, dextrose, maltodextrin, maltose Sucrose, sucrose, molasses, malt syrup, rice syrup, candy, invert sugar, maple syrup, nectar, honey, caramel, fruit juice concentrate.

Tip 7. Nutrition is one of the most important remedies against premature skin ageing
So from the following list, you can snack a lot.

  • Antioxidants
    As in green tea, red berries, kale, broccoli, garlic, ginger, nuts, seeds, kernels, sprouts.
  • Vitamin a
    Inhibits premature skin ageing.
    As in liver and sweet potato.
  • Vitamin c (antioxidant)
    Promotes collagen and hyaluronan production.
    Protects against free radicals.
    As in papaya, red pepper and blackcurrants.
  • Vitamin e (antioxidant)
    Limits cell damage caused by the sun.
    Combines with vitamin C: lightens pigmentation spots.
    Strengthens barrier function of the skin.
    As found in sunflower seeds, olive oil and almonds.
  • Vitamin d
    Limits cell damage caused by the sun.
    As in sardines, rainbow trout, egg.
  • Silica
    Provides connective tissue strength.
    As in nettle and horsetail.
  • Omega 3 fatty acids
    Protects against dehydration and free radicals.
    As in walnuts, flaxseed and soya.
  • Astaxanthin
    Inhibits premature skin ageing and helps prevent sun damage.
    As in shrimp, lobster and trout.
  • Probiotics
    Inhibit premature skin ageing and help retain moisture.
    As in apple cider vinegar, Sauerkraut, Kefir.

Tip 8. Get enough exercise
Exercise makes you sweat, and sweating allows your body to get rid of waste products. Exercise makes your muscles stronger, and these muscles support your skin, making it firmer and more supple. Stress can cause dull skin, and exercise lowers your stress levels. Last but not least, exercise increases the supply of blood and oxygen to your skin. And when more blood flows to your skin, more essential nutrients can reach your skin.

Tip 9. Sun, excess damages
90% of skin ageing is caused by that lovely yellow ball.

Tip 10. Indoor tanning, just don’t do it
By indoor tanning, your skin is exposed to a high dose of UV radiation in a short time. So each visit damages your skin. The sun is just as harmful. But scientific studies have indicated that indoor tanning increases the risk of getting the most malignant form of skin cancer, melanoma.

Tip 11. Protecting skin from air pollution
In a previous life, I lived in Rome for a few months. An experience that ignited my great love for Italian cuisine. Anyway, that’s another story. When I cleaned my face in the evening, there was invariably black on my cotton pads. Air pollution avant la lettre. These minuscule particles cause damage and, therefore skin ageing.

How to you protect your skin from air pollution

– Daily mild cleansing.

– Regular exfoliation also helps keep skin strong and in shape.

– Again, those darned antioxidants. In food and in creams.

– Use sun protection!

Tip 12. Skincare products that inhibit your premature skin ageing
Shop skincare products that contain one or more of the following ingredients.

  • Vitamin C
    E.g. in Avocado oil, Grapeseed oil
  • Vitamin A
    Hydroxypinacolone retinoate
  • Omega fatty acids
    E.g. in Borage oil, Rosehip oil
  • Prickly pear seed oil
  • Procyanidins (super antioxidant)
    E.g. in grape seed oil
  • Transretinolic acid (vitamin A acid)
    E.g. in rosehip oil
  • Hyaluronan
    Gives volume and hydration
  • Niacinamide
    Strengthens the skin barrier
    Stimulates collagen production
    Reduces pigmentation
  • Green tea extract
  • Asian water pennywort extract